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1510

Pietro Torrigiano is commissioned in England to create the tomb monument of Margaret Beaufort, mother of Henry VII.

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Pietro Torrigiano (1472-1528), aged 38: sculptor

1510

Lionardo di Buonarrota is in the convent of Saint Mark at Florence.

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1510

Born

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1510

Giorgione is buried on the Venetian plague island of Lazzareto Nuovo.

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Giorgione (1477-1510), aged 33: painter

1510

March 17

on Thursday

2 months, 15 days later

Died

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The moon was in the first quarter that night.

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1510

July

3 months, 16 days later

The Holy League, formed to defend the Italian States, attacks French-occupied Genoa.

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Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1510

1510

September

2 months, 2 days later

King Louis XII convokes a synod of French bishops at Tours, where it is decreed that the pope, Julius II, has no right to make war upon a foreign prince, and, in case he should undertake such a war, the foreign prince had the right to invade the Ecclesiastical States and to withdraw his subjects from their obedience to the pope.

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Pope Julius II (1443-1513), aged 67: pope; cardinal

1510

December 31

on Saturday

4 months, 1 day later

Died

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The moon was a new moon that night.

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1511

1 day later

TravelledTo

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1511

January 20

on Friday

19 days later

Pope Julius II braves the inclemency of the weather and marches against Mirandola and takes it.

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The moon was in the last quarter that night.
Sunrise in Mirandola was at 6:08 AM and sunset was at 6:15 PM.

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Pope Julius II (1443-1513), aged 68: pope; cardinal

1511

May 23

on Tuesday

4 months, 3 days later

The French army makes a descent upon Bologna which Pope Julius II had left nine days previously, drive out the papal troops and reinstate the Bentivogli.

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The moon was waning crescent that night.
Sunrise in Bologna was at 5:52 AM and sunset was at 5:59 PM.

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Pope Julius II (1443-1513), aged 68: pope; cardinal

1511

August 25

on Friday

3 months, 4 days later

Pope Julius II falls dangerously ill and for a time his life is despaired of.

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The moon was a new moon that night.

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Pope Julius II (1443-1513), aged 68: pope; cardinal

1511

August 28

on Monday

3 days later

Pope Julius II recovers from a near mortal illness.

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The moon was waxing crescent that night.

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Pope Julius II (1443-1513), aged 68: pope; cardinal

1511

September 1

on Friday

4 days later

Some of the cardinals are displeased with the pope's anti-French policy, and five of them go so far as to convoke a schismatic council at Pisa.

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The moon was in the first quarter that night.
Sunrise in Pisa was at 5:56 AM and sunset was at 6:03 PM.

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Pope Julius II (1443-1513), aged 68: pope; cardinal

1511

September 7

on Thursday

6 days later

Pope Julius II condemns the heresy of Piero de Lucca concerning the Incarnation.

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The moon was a full moon that night.

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Pope Julius II (1443-1513), aged 68: pope; cardinal

1511

October 4

on Wednesday

27 days later

Pope Julius II forms the so-called Holy League or League of Cambrai, which includes only the pope, the Venetians, and Spain.

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The moon was waxing gibbous that night.

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Pope Julius II (1443-1513), aged 68: pope; cardinal

1511

November 17

on Friday

1 month, 14 days later

England joins the Holy League of Pope Julius II and is soon followed by the emperor and by Switzerland.

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The moon was waning crescent that night.
Sunrise in England was at 5:41 AM and sunset was at 5:49 PM.

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Pope Julius II (1443-1513), aged 68: pope; cardinal

1512

1 month, 15 days later

Pietro Torrigiano is given the commission for the magnificent effigial monument for Henry VII and his queen, in the lady chapel of Westminster Abbey.

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Pietro Torrigiano (1472-1528), aged 40: sculptor

1512

Lodovico di Buonarrota applies to Giuliano, Duke of Nemours, to be reinstated to his prior post in the Customs of Florence.

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1512

Met

The purpose of the meeting was to discuss a commission for a fresco in the Vatican.

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1512

Titian returns to Venice from Padua.

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Titian (1488-1576), aged 24: painter

1512

Lodovico applies to Giuliano, Duke of Nemours, to be reinstated into his prior post in the Customs of Florence.

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1512

April 11

on Thursday

3 months, 11 days later

The French are defeated in the bloody battle of Ravenna against Pope Julius II's League of Cambrai and are driven beyond the Alps.

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The moon was waning crescent that night.
Sunrise in Ravenna was at 5:57 AM and sunset was at 6:04 PM.

Agents

Pope Julius II (1443-1513), aged 69: pope; cardinal

1513

8 months, 25 days later

The fragment of Leonardo's mural, the Battle of Anghiari, was protected with a wooden frame soon after the return of the Medici to Florence, when the rest of the room was dismantled and eliminated, as we everything referring to the preceding republican government.

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1513

Bastiano Mainardi dies in Florence.

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1513

WorkedOn

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1513

Leonardo da Vinci moves to Rome at the invitation of the newly elected Pope Leo X, where he studies the properties of mirrors.

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Pope Leo X (1475-1521), aged 38: pope

1513

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test2

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1513

Giovanni Bellini's position as sole master (since the death of his brother and of Alvise Vivarini) in charge of the paintings in the Hall of the Great Council is threatened by Titian.

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Titian (1488-1576), aged 25: painter
Giovanni Bellini (1430-1516), aged 83: painter

1513

Titian obtains a broker's patent, termed La Sanseria or Senseria (a privilege much coveted by rising or risen artists), in the Fondaco dei Tedeschi and becomes superintendent of the government works, being especially charged to complete the paintings left unfinished by Giovanni Bellini in the hall of the great council in the ducal palace.

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Titian (1488-1576), aged 25: painter
Giovanni Bellini (1430-1516), aged 83: painter

1513

February 21

on Friday

1 month, 21 days later

Pope Julius II dies of fever in Rome.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was a full moon that night.
Sunrise in Rome was at 6:11 AM and sunset was at 6:17 PM.

Agents

Pope Julius II (1443-1513), aged 70: pope; cardinal

1513

September 23

on Tuesday

7 months, 4 days later

A landslide occurred in the Alps near Bellinzona which is described by Leandro Alberti in 1550:

In the past years an earthquake caused a large part of a mountain to collapse, in such a way that the Bregno valley came to be obstructed; and as the river came to be dammed up, it produced a large and dark lake with great damage to the inhabitants of the valley, many of whom were drowned and their houses submerged. And so it stayed for quite some time, until the fallen earth made gradually soft by the infiltrations of the water and being no longer sufficiently strong to retain the immense pressure of it, suddenly burst open to the fury of the swollen waters. And since the former river bed, which was joined to the Ticino, was no longer adequate to contain it, the water flooded all the neighbouring regions, overthrowing in part even that strong wall which Lodovico Sforza had built near Bellinzona.

It is suggested by Carlo Pedretti that Leonardo da Vinci describes this event in the Codex Atlanticus around 1513:

... for in our own times a similar thing has been seen, that is, a mountain falling seven miles across a valley and closing it up and turning it into a lake.

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The moon was in the last quarter that night.
Sunrise in Bellinzona was at 5:49 AM and sunset was at 5:55 PM.
Sunrise in Ticino was at 5:49 AM and sunset was at 5:55 PM.
Sunrise in Bregno was at 5:49 AM and sunset was at 5:55 PM.

1513

September 25

on Thursday

2 days later

Leonardo da Vinci moves to Rome, together with his pupils Melzi, Salai and Il Fanfoia.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waning crescent that night.
Sunrise in Rome was at 5:48 AM and sunset was at 5:54 PM.

Agents

Francesco Melzi (1491-1568), aged 22: painter
Giocomo Salai (1480-1524), aged 33: painter

Source: Primary

Pedretti, Carlo. "Leonardo: A Study in Chronology and Style", p. 140.

1513

October

6 days later

Leonardo da Vinci sketches an epigastric parasitic thoracopagus (a person with the body of a child growing out of their chest) that he saw in Florence, on his way to Rome.

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Source: Primary

Pedretti, Carlo. "Leonardo: A Study in Chronology and Style", p. 161.

1514

3 months, 2 days later

Leonardo da Vinci applied to join the confraternity of S. Giovanni dei Fiorentini in Rome, probably in a moment of depression at a court which had little or no consideration for him, in the hope that a religious institution could provide him with quiet shelter and affectionate assistance, and to which he could leave all his possessions, just as he was leaving drawings and other belongings to another religious institution in Florence, the hospital of S. Maria Novella, in which he was accommodated at the time he was working on the Battle of Anghiari.

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Source: Primary

Pedretti, Carlo. "Leonardo: A Study in Chronology and Style", p. 164.

1514

Giovanni Bellini paints the The Feast of the Gods.

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Giovanni Bellini (1430-1516), aged 84: painter

1514

Giulio Romano paints The Fire in the Borgo after designs by Raphael.

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Giulio Romano (1499-1546), aged 15: draughtstman; architect; painter
Raphael (1483-1520), aged 31: painter; architect; poet

1514

March 11

on Wednesday

2 months, 9 days later

Died

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Astronomical Events

The moon was a full moon that night.

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1514

July 3

on Friday

3 months, 24 days later

Luca Landucci refers in the Florentine Diary to a terrifying storm like the one in 1456:

At midday, there was such a tempest of wind at Dicomano that it exceeded everything ever heard of ... it uprooted many walnut-trees, olive trees, and oaks, and took off nearly the whole roof of the church of Vico ... At Poggio Marino it did great damage.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waxing gibbous that night.
Sunrise in Poggiomarino was at 5:59 AM and sunset was at 6:06 PM.
Sunrise in Vico was at 5:59 AM and sunset was at 6:06 PM.
Sunrise in Dicomano was at 5:59 AM and sunset was at 6:06 PM.

Agents

Luca Landucci (1436-1516), aged 78: apothecary; diarist

Source: Primary

Pedretti, Carlo. "Leonardo: A Study in Chronology and Style," p. 21

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1515

6 months, 2 days later

Buonarrotto Buonarotti, brother of Michelangelo, is created Count Palatine by Pope Leo X.

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Buonarrotto Buonarotti (1477-1528), aged 38
Pope Leo X (1475-1521), aged 40: pope

1515

Giovanni Bellini paints the Naked Young Woman in Front of the Mirror.

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Giovanni Bellini (1430-1516), aged 85: painter

1515

Buonarrotto Buonarotti receives an augmentation of the family arms from Pope Leo X, to wit: "upon a chief or, a pellet azure, charged with fleur-de-lys or, between the capital letters L. and X."

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Buonarrotto Buonarotti (1477-1528), aged 38
Pope Leo X (1475-1521), aged 40: pope

1515

Leonardo da Vinci constructs a mechanical lion for the coronation of the new king of France, Francois I.

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1515

October

9 months, 3 days later

King Francoise I of France recaptures Milan.

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King Francoise I (1494-1547), aged 21: king

1515

December 19

on Sunday

2 months, 19 days later

Leonardo da Vinci is present at the meeting of King Francoise I and Pope Leo X, which takes place in Bologna.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was a full moon that night.
Sunrise in Bologna was at 5:53 AM and sunset was at 6:01 PM.

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Pope Leo X (1475-1521), aged 40: pope
King Francoise I (1494-1547), aged 21: king

Source: Primary

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonardo_da_Vinci

1516

13 days later

Titian succeeds his master Giovanni Bellini in receiving a pension from the Venetian Senate.

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Giovanni Bellini (1430-1516), aged 86: painter
Titian (1488-1576), aged 28: painter

1516

WorkedFor

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1516

Leonardo da Vinci finishes working on the Mona Lisa.

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1516

TravelledTo

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1516

While Michelangelo is in Rome a reduced plan for The Tomb of Pope Julius II is adopted by him and the executors of the estate of Pope Julius II.

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Pope Julius II (1443-1513): pope; cardinal

1516

Banished from Florence

Benvenuto Cellini is banished from Florence for six months for his part in a street fight and lives in Siena.

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1516

King Francoise I invites Leonardo da Vinci to come work for him.

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1516

Michelangelo receives notice from Pope Leo X that he is wanted in Rome.

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Pope Leo X (1475-1521), aged 41: pope

1516

November 26

on Sunday

11 months later

Giovanni Bellini dies in Venice.

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The moon was waxing crescent that night.
Sunrise in Venice was at 5:44 AM and sunset was at 5:51 PM.

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Giovanni Bellini (1430-1516), aged 86: painter

1517

1 month, 6 days later

King Francoise I buys the Mona Lisa for 4,000 écus and keeps it at Palace of Fontainebleau.

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King Francoise I (1494-1547), aged 23: king

1517

Leonardo da Vinci takes the Mona Lisa with him on his journey to his final residence at a chateaux in Amboise.

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1517

Michelangelo spends the large part of the year at Carrara, quarrying marble. He hires a house there from Francesco Pelliccia.

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1517

Pietro Torrigiano finishes the effigial monument of Henry VII.

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Pietro Torrigiano (1472-1528), aged 45: sculptor

1517

Leonardo da Vinci moves to France at the invitation of King Francoise I. He is granted the post of First Painter, Engineer and Architect of the King. Leonardo, and his pupils, Francesco Melzi and Giocomo Salai move into the chateau of Cloux near Amboise.

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King Francoise I (1494-1547), aged 23: king
Francesco Melzi (1491-1568), aged 26: painter
Giocomo Salai (1480-1524), aged 37: painter

1517

Decay starts to become visible in The Last Supper.

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1518

September 30

on Monday

1 year, 9 months, 2 days later

Born

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The moon was waning crescent that night.

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1518

December

2 months, 2 days later

The statue (of Christ Triumphant by Michelangelo) seems to have been rough-hewn at the quarries, packed up, and sent to Pisa on its way to Florence as early as this date.

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Source: Primary

monds, John Addington. "The Life of Michelangelo Buonarotti", Modern Library (New York), p. 231

1519

1 month, 1 day later

Leonardo da Vinci wills the Mona Lisa to his lifelong assistant, Giocomo Salai.

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1519

Benvenuto Cellini moves to Rome at the age of 19.

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1519

May 2

on Friday

4 months, 1 day later

Died

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waxing crescent that night.

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1519

May 3

on Saturday

1 day later

Leonardo da Vinci dies at Château du Clos Lucé. He is originally buried in the Church of St Valentine at Amboise.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waxing crescent that night.
Sunrise in Château du Clos Lucé was at 5:53 AM and sunset was at 5:59 PM.

1520

8 months, 3 days later

After the death of Raphael in 1520, Giulio Romano helped complete the Vatican frescoes of the life of Constantine as well as Raphael's Coronation of the Virgin and the Transfiguration in the Vatican.

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Giulio Romano (1499-1546), aged 21: draughtstman; architect; painter

1520

Pietro Torrigiano moves to Spain.

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Pietro Torrigiano (1472-1528), aged 48: sculptor

1520

March 10

on Wednesday

2 months, 9 days later

A ricordo or note from Michelangelo:

Pope Leo, perhaps because he wants to get the facade at S. Lorenzo finished quicker than according to the contract made with me, and I also consenting thereto, sets me free ... and so he leaves me at liberty, under no obligation of accounting to any one for anything which I have had to do with him or others upon his account.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was in the last quarter that night.

Agents

Pope Leo X (1475-1521), aged 45: pope

Source: Primary

Michelangelo; Symonds, John Addington: "The Life of Michelangelo Buonarroti", Modern Library (New York), p.224

1520

April 6

on Tuesday

27 days later

Raphael dies in Rome.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waning gibbous that night.
Sunrise in Rome was at 5:59 AM and sunset was at 6:05 PM.

Agents

Raphael (1483-1520), aged 37: painter; architect; poet

1520

June 15

on Tuesday

2 months, 10 days later

Pope Leo X issues the bull Exsurge Domine (Arise O Lord), threatening Martin Luther with excommunication if he does not recant his position on indulgences and other Catholic doctrines.

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The moon was a new moon that night.

Agents

Pope Leo X (1475-1521), aged 45: pope

Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1520

1520

December 10

on Friday

5 months, 28 days later

Martin Luther burns a copy of The Book of Canon Law (see Canon Law) and his copy of the Papal bull Exsurge Domine.

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The moon was a new moon that night.

Agents

Pope Leo X (1475-1521), aged 45: pope

Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1520

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