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1460

Bastiano Mainardi was born in San Gimignano.

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1460

Giuliano della Rovere serves as altar boy to Pope Sixtus IV.

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Pope Julius II (1443-1513), aged 17: pope; cardinal
Pope Sixtus IV (1414-1484), aged 46: pope

1460

TravelledTo

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1460

Born

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1461

March 4

on Monday

1 year, 2 months, 3 days later

Born

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Astronomical Events

The moon was in the last quarter that night.

Agents

No agents

1462

September 4

on Thursday

1 year, 6 months, 4 days later

I left Francesco, son of Francesco, the apothecary, at the sign of the Sun, who gave me, the sixth year, the salary of fifty florins, and I joined company with Spinello, son of Lorenzo, the hope of gaining more causing me to give up the gain which was sure. And we opened an apothecary's shop in the Mercato Vecchio (Old Market), at the sign of the King, which had formerly been the shop of a second-hand dealer, and had a very low roof. We raised the roof, and spent a fortune although I was unwilling to outlay so much. All was done without stint, one cupboard alone costing 50 gold florins. Seeing that the costs were so great, and that the said Spinelli had no money to produce, being very badly off, and considering besides that I had already spent 200 gold florins of my own, whilst he had not yet contributed a penny, although we had agreed to go shares.

Attachments
Piazza del Mercato Vecchio, by Giovanni Stradano

Astronomical Events

The moon was waxing gibbous that night.

1463

July 27

on Monday

10 months, 26 days later

And on the 27th July, 1463, we (i.e., Landucci and Spinello) agreed to separate, I telling him that I would leave him everything in the shop as it stood, without considering the cost, but that I must have my share of the profits, namely, 50 gold florins, for the time I had been with him, and he must repay me the money which I had put into it. And no agents were required. He replied that it should be so; but that I must give him a few months' time; and to this I agreed, as he gave me sufficient sureties, amounting to 200 gold florins, paid by his brother Lorenzo and Maestro Lorenzo, son of Maestro Leonardo.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waxing gibbous that night.

1463

December 10

on Thursday

4 months, 16 days later

I left there (the apothecarium) on the 10th December, 1463, and began chaffering for the shop of San Pulinari; but we could not come to terms over it.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was a new moon that night.

1465

1 year, 23 days later

Lavabo

Andrea del Verrocchio works on the lavabo of the Old Sacristy in San Lorenzo, Florence.

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The lavabo (washbasin) of Andrea del Verrocchio

Astronomical Events

1465

Monument to Cosimo

Andrea del Verrocchio executes the funerary monument to Cosimo de' Medici for the crypt under the altar of San Lorenzo.

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1465

April 10

on Monday

3 months, 9 days later

A young woman, who was the daughter of Zanobi Gherucci, was tried, for having killed, and then thrown into a well, the little girl of Bernardo della Zecca, a goldsmith, for the sake of stealing a pearl necklace and certain silver ornaments that the child wore round her neck. She was taken away in the executioner's cart, and was beheaded.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was a full moon that night.

1465

April 10

on Monday

There passed through Florence a son of Don Ferante, King of Naples, on his way to Milan to fetch the daughter of the Duke of Milan to be wedded to his brother. This lad was twelve or thirteen years old; he was made much of, and was lodged at Santa Maria Novella. And afterwards he returned through Florence with the bride, accompanied by many signori and dukes, with a large troop of horse; and besides other things, there were so many damsels and matrons in his train that it was magnificent. And at this time a man was found coining false money, and he was beheaded.

Attachments
Portrait of Francesco I Sforza, Duke of Milan
Portrait bust traditionally identified with Ippolita Maria Sforza, daughter of Francesco I, by Francesco Laurana
Portrait bust of Don Ferante, King of Naples
Alfonso II, brother of Duke Ferante, King of Naples

Astronomical Events

The moon was a full moon that night.
Sunrise in Milan was at 5:57 AM and sunset was at 6:04 PM.
Sunrise in Florence was at 5:57 AM and sunset was at 6:04 PM.

1465

December 1

on Friday

7 months, 25 days later

There was an election in the Palagio, and Niccolo Soderini became Gonfaloniere. He reduced the tax on wine to 14 soldi, for which the people called down blessings on his head.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was a full moon that night.

1466

January 12

on Friday

1 month, 12 days later

During the night the Arno began to be in flood, although there had not been a drop of rain but the snow had melted suddenly, so that the river entered the town and flooded it as far as the Canto a Monteloro, and benches from the Church of Santa Croce floated across to that point.

And the water went into the Piazza del Grano, reaching more than half-way up the door of the apothecary's shop and past the Palagio del Podesta. The river overflowed its banks opposite Messer Bongianni's houses, and filled the Prato and the Via della Scala. Many mules and horses were drowned in their stables, and all the wine-casks went floating about, mostly towards the Arno. This flood had come suddenly.

Attachments
The Arno flood of 1966
The Via della Scala today

Astronomical Events

The moon was waning crescent that night.
Sunrise in Arno was at 6:05 AM and sunset was at 6:13 PM.
Sunrise in Florence was at 6:05 AM and sunset was at 6:13 PM.

1466

March 8

on Thursday

1 month, 25 days later

Francesco I Sforza dies in Milan, leaving the throne to his first-born son, Galeazzo Maria Sforza.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was in the last quarter that night.
Sunrise in Milan was at 6:08 AM and sunset was at 6:14 PM.

1466

May 24

on Thursday

2 months, 17 days later

A Saturday and the eve of the Spirito Santo, I was wedded to a daughter of Domenico, son of Domenico Pagni, whose name was Salvestra. She had a dowry of 400 florins, in the state funds, praise God!

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waxing gibbous that night.

1466

July 6

on Friday

1 month, 13 days later

A Sunday evening, I gave her the ring, the contract being made before Ser Giovanni, son of Francesco di Neri.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was in the last quarter that night.

1466

September 1

on Saturday

1 month, 27 days later

(Because of a falling out with Spinello) I therefore repaired to Giovanni da Bruscoli, who was opening the shop of the Agnus-Dei, and who gave me 36 florins a year, so that I was able to buy the shop of the Tornaquinci, on the 1st September, 1466.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was in the last quarter that night.

1466

September 1

on Saturday

On this day a parlamento (assembly) was held in the Piazza, and there was a great commotion in the city; the shops were closed several times, for fear that they might be looted. Niccolo Soderini, Messer Dietisalvi, and Messer Luca Pitti were exiled, for having been the leaders in the plot against Piero, son of Cosimo de' Medici, when it was attempted to murder him in his way from Careggi. And after the failure of the plot, many citizens connected with it were exiled, about twenty-seven of them being restricted within certain boundaries and made ineligible for office, according to the sentences inscribed on a document inserted in this book; except Messer Luca Pitti, who made an alliance with Giovanni Tornabuoni, giving him his daughter as wife, and in consequence he was reprieved from exile, and they remained friends and at peace.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was in the last quarter that night.
Sunrise in Florence was at 5:56 AM and sunset was at 6:02 PM.

1466

November 23

on Friday

2 months, 23 days later

Luca Landucci moves his wife into his own house in Florence.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was a full moon that night.
Sunrise in Florence was at 5:43 AM and sunset was at 5:50 PM.

Agents

Luca Landucci (1436-1516), aged 30: apothecary; diarist

Source: Primary

Luca Landucci; "A Florentine Diary"; p. 8.

1466

December 13

on Thursday

20 days later

Died

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Astronomical Events

The moon was in the first quarter that night.

Agents

No agents

1467

19 days later

Christ and St. Thomas

The Tribunale della Mercanzia, the judicial organ of the Guilds in Florence, commissions from Andrea del Verrocchio a bronze group portraying Christ and St. Thomas for the centre tabernacle.

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Andrea del Verrocchio (1435-1488), aged 32: painter; sculptor

1467

Leonardo's apprenticeship

Leonardo da Vinci is sent to Florence to work as apprentice to Andrea del Verrocchio.

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Leonardo in Verrocchio's studio painting his parts of 'The Baptism of Christ'

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1467

May 12

on Sunday

4 months, 11 days later

Luca Landucci returns to Casa Domenico, his father-in-law's.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was in the first quarter that night.

Agents

No agents

Source: Primary

Landucci, Luca, trans. Alice de Rosen Jervis, J.M. Dent & Sons, 1927. "A Florentine Diary", p. 9.

1468

7 months, 24 days later

The Palla

Andrea del Verrocchio is contracted to make a golden ball (palla) to be placed on top of the lantern of Brunelleschi's cupola on the Duomo in Florence.

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1468

The bronze candlestick

Andrea del Verrocchio makes a bronze candlestick (1.57 metres high) for Signoria of Florence.

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1468

April 28

on Tuesday

3 months, 28 days later

At about 15 in the morning (11 a.m.) we had the news that peace(1) was concluded. It was celebrated with bonfires, and the shops were closed.

(1) Alamanno Rinuccini (Ricordi, etc. Firenze, 1840), says that the news of the universal peace amongst all the powers of Italy, pronounced by the Pope two days previously, reached Florence at 13 ore (9 a.m.) on the 27th April.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was in the first quarter that night.
Sunrise in Florence was at 5:53 AM and sunset was at 6:00 PM.

1468

July 15

on Wednesday

2 months, 18 days later

A tax was decreed, called the Ventina(1), but it was not kept up long. Later on, in 1469, a renewal of the Catasta was decreed instead.

(1) A tax of the twentieth part.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waning crescent that night.

1468

September 17

on Thursday

2 months, 4 days later

Eight men were taken in the hangman's cart to be hung, because they had intended to give over Castiglioni di Marradi(1).

(1) This rebellion was raised by the Signori of Forli and Faenza.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was a new moon that night.

1469

3 months, 16 days later

Born

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1469

October 8

on Friday

9 months, 10 days later

Died

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waxing crescent that night.

Agents

No agents

1470

2 months, 25 days later

Journey to Rome

Andrea del Verrocchio makes a voyage to Rome in the early 1470s.

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Andrea del Verrocchio (1435-1488), aged 35: painter; sculptor

1470

Botticelli opens his own workshop.

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Botticelli (1445-1510), aged 25: painter; man; goldsmith

1470

Jacopo Bellini dies in Venice.

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1470

Giovanni Bellini receives his first appointment to work along with his brother and other artists in the Scuola di San Marco, where among other subjects he is commissioned to paint a Deluge with Noah's Ark.

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Giovanni Bellini (1430-1516), aged 40: painter

1470

April 15

on Friday

3 months, 14 days later

Fifteen men were brought from Prato, who had intended to give over the place, and they were hung(1).

(1) This was the plot of Bernardo Nardi.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was a full moon that night.
Sunrise in Prato was at 5:56 AM and sunset was at 6:03 PM.

Source: Primary

Luca Landucci; "A Florentine Diary"; p. 9.

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