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1450

A tragic beginning

As a result of a tragic stone-throwing game with his Florentine compatriots, Andrea del Verrocchio kills Antonio di Domenico, a woodworker aged 14. He is imprisoned and tried for involuntary manslaughter, but released soon afterward, the judges being used to stone-throwing cases, not unusual in in Florence. Verrocchio is guilt-stricken for the rest of his life, and it’s thought the accidental death was the reason he didn’t put a stone in the hand of his celebrated David.

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1450

October 15

on Tuesday

9 months, 17 days later

I record that on the 15th October, 1450, I, Luca, son of Antonio, son of Luca Landucci, a Florentine citizen, of about fourteen years of age, went to learn book-keeping from a master called Calandra; and, praise God! I succeeded.

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The moon was in the first quarter that night.

1452

1 year, 2 months, 18 days later

Davide Ghirlandaio is born in Florence.

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1452

Portuguese navigator Diogo de Teive discovers the islands of Corvo and Flores in the Azores.

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Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1452

1452

Portuguese navigator Diogo de Teive discovers the islands of Corvo and Flores in the Azores.

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Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1452

1452

January 1

on Thursday

Luca Landucci enters the shop of the apothecary Francesco, at the sign of the Scala, in the Mercato Vecchio in Florence.

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The moon was waxing gibbous that night.
Sunrise in Florence was at 6:00 AM and sunset was at 6:08 PM.

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Luca Landucci (1436-1516), aged 16: apothecary; diarist

Source: Primary

Landucci, Luca, trans. Alice de Rosen Jervis, J.M. Dent & Sons, 1927. "A Florentine Diary", p. 1

1452

March 19

on Friday

2 months, 18 days later

Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperor becomes the last to be crowned in Rome.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was a new moon that night.
Sunrise in Rome was at 6:04 AM and sunset was at 6:11 PM.

Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1452

1452

April 15

on Thursday

27 days later

The event of Leonardo da Vinci's birth was recorded by his grandfather, Antonio, then about eighty years old, on the back page of an old notebook that had once belonged to his grandfather. On it he had already noted the births and baptisms of his own four children. There was just room at the bottom of the page to record this new arrival, this new generation -

  1. There was born to me a grandson, the son of Ser Piero my son, on the 15th day of April, a Saturday, at the 3rd hour of the night. He bears the name Lionardo.

The clock was then reckoned from sunset (or more precisely from the ringing of the Ave Maria bell after vespers). The third hour of the night was about 10:30 p.m.

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The moon was waning crescent that night.

1452

April 15

on Thursday

Leonardo da Vinci is born out of wedlock to a notary, Ser Piero da Vinci, and a peasant woman, Caterina, in Vinci.

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The moon was waning crescent that night.
Sunrise in Vinci was at 5:56 AM and sunset was at 6:03 PM.

1452

April 15

on Thursday

Born

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The moon was waning crescent that night.

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1452

May 31

on Monday

1 month, 16 days later

Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, officially declares war on Ghent.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waxing gibbous that night.
Sunrise in Ghent was at 5:52 AM and sunset was at 6:00 PM.

Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1452

1452

June 18

on Friday

18 days later

Pope Nicholas V issues the bull Dum Diversas, legitimising the colonial slave trade.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was a new moon that night.

Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1452

1452

July 27

on Tuesday

1 month, 9 days later

Lucrezia Crivelli was born in Milan.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waxing gibbous that night.
Sunrise in Milan was at 6:01 AM and sunset was at 6:08 PM.

1452

October

2 months, 6 days later

English troops under John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, land in Guyenne, France, and retake most of the province without a fight.

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Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1452

1452

October

The Ottoman governor of Thessaly, Turakhan Beg, breaks through the Hexamilion wall for the fourth time and ravages the Peloponnese peninsula to prevent the Byzantine Despotate of the Morea from assisting Constantinople during the final Ottoman siege of the imperial capital.

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Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1452

1453

3 months, 2 days later

Apprenticeship

Andrea del Verrocchio studies with goldsmith Andrea Dei in Florence.

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Andrea del Verrocchio (1435-1488), aged 18: painter; sculptor

1453

February 1

on Tuesday

1 month, 1 day later

The mother of Luca Landucci's father, Antonio, dies and is buried in San Piero Maggiore.

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The moon was in the last quarter that night.

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Luca Landucci (1436-1516), aged 17: apothecary; diarist

Source: Primary

Landucci, Luca, trans. Alice de Rosen Jervis, J.M. Dent & Sons, 1927. "A Florentine Diary", p. 1

1454

11 months, 4 days later

Born

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1454

February 22

on Wednesday

1 month, 22 days later

A letter from Guillaume Dufay to Piero and Giovanni de' Medici -- believed to have been written on February 22, 1454 -- mentions Dufay's motet, called 'Lamentatio sanctae matris ecclesiae Constantinopolitanae' (Lamentations for the fall of Constantinople). It is thought that the piece was to have been composed in the context of the "Feast of the Pheasant", a banquet and extravagant political show organised in Lille by Philip the Good of Burgundy on 17 February 1454. Its purpose was to propagate the idea of a crusade for the recapture of the city. It is, however, unclear whether the piece was ever performed on that occasion.

Attachments

'Lamentatio sanctae matris ecclesiae Constantinopolitanae' by Guillaume Dufay The motet is believed to have been composed in the context of the "Feast of the Pheasant", a banquet and extravagant political show organised in Lille by Philip the Good of Burgundy on 17 February 1454. Its purpose was to propagate the idea of a crusade for the recapture of the city. It is, however, unclear whether the piece was ever performed on that occasion. (Wikipedia)

Astronomical Events

The moon was waning crescent that night.

Source: Primary

Guillaume Dufay; https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lamentatio_sanctae_matris_ecclesiae_Constantinopolitanae

1454

November 3

on Friday

8 months, 14 days later

My father Antonio received his mother's inheritance, of which we possess a document giving the details; he inherited all her property both in Florence and in the country; amongst the rest a house which was left as a legacy to her and Antonio for their lives. Messer Otto Niccolini arranged a compromise, by which the monks of Castello, who had the reversion, were to pay Antonio twenty-three lire a year for the rest of his life, taking back the said house, and they paid this sum as long as Antonio lived.

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The moon was waxing gibbous that night.

1456

August 24

on Sunday

1 year, 9 months, 25 days later

A Storm over Tuscany

On 24 August, an hour before daybreak, a whirlwind of dense black vapour spreading for about two miles in all directions issued from the upper sea near Ancona, and traversing Italy passed into the lower sea near Pisa. This vapour driven by resistless forces, whether natural or supernatural I know not, and rent and driven in struggles with itself, split off into clouds which, now rising to heaven now descending to earth, dashed one against another, or whirling round with inconceivable velocity before them a wind of measureless violence, and sent forth as they strove together frequent lightnings and dazzling flames. From these clouds thus broken and embroiled, from this furious wind, and these quick-succeeding sheets of flame, came a sound louder than the roar of thunder or earthquake, and so terrible that whosoever heard it thought the end of the world had come, and that land and sea, and all that was left of earth and sky, were returning mingled together to ancient Chaos. Wherever this dreadful whirlwind passed it wrought the most astonishing and unheard-of effects, but more notably than elsewhere near the walled village of San Casciano, situated about eight miles from Florence, on the hill separating the Val di Pesa from the Val di Grieve. Between this town and the village of Sant'Andrea, standing on the same hill, the hurricane swept, not touching Sant'Andrea, and merely grazing the outskirts of San Casciano so as to strike some of the battlements of the walls, and the chimneys of a few houses. But outside, in the space between the two places named, many buildings were levelled with the ground; the roofs of the churches of San Martino at Bagnuolo, and of Santa Maria della Pace, were borne bodily to a distance of more than a mile; and a carrier and his mules were found dead, some way from the road, in the neighbouring valley. The strongest oaks and the sturdier trees which would not stoop before the fury of the blast, were not merely uprooted but carried far away from the places where they grew. When the tempest had passed and morning broke, men remained stunned and stupfied. They saw their fields devastated and destroyed, their houses and churches laid in ruins, and heard the lamentations of those who looked on shattered homesteads under which their kinsmen or their cattle lay dead. Which sights and sounds filled all who say or heard of them with the profoundest pity and fear. But doubtless it was God's will rather to threaten than to chastise Tuscany; for had a hurricane like this, instead of coming among oaks, and alders, and thinly scattered dwellings, burst upon the close-packed houses and crowded population of a great city, it would assuredly have wrought the most terrible ruin and destruction that the mind of man can conceive.

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The moon was in the last quarter that night.
Sunrise in Val di Greve was at 5:58 AM and sunset was at 6:04 PM.
Sunrise in Val di Pesa was at 5:58 AM and sunset was at 6:04 PM.
Sunrise in Pisa was at 5:58 AM and sunset was at 6:04 PM.
Sunrise in San Casciano was at 5:58 AM and sunset was at 6:04 PM.
Sunrise in Ancona was at 5:58 AM and sunset was at 6:04 PM.

1457

4 months, 10 days later

A change of name

Andrea del Verrocchio becomes affiliated with Francesco di Luca Verrocchio, taking on his patronymic.

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Andrea del Verrocchio (1435-1488), aged 22: painter; sculptor

1458

1 year later

Benedetto Ghirlandaio is born in Florence.

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1458

March

1 month, 29 days later

A tax is made, called Catasto, the decree being passed in the Sala del Papa. This tax was imposed according to the estimate of a person's possessions. This date must be when the collection was begun, for the decree for the renewal of the Catasto (first imposed in 1427) was passed on 11th January, 1457-8.

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Source: Primary

Landucci, Luca, trans. Alice de Rosen Jervis, J.M. Dent & Sons, 1927. "A Florentine Diary", p. 2

1458

March

At this time the lantern of the cupola of Santa Maria del Fiore was begun; and the palace of Cosimo de' Medici; and the churches of San Lorenzo and Santo Spirito, and the Badia on the way to Fiesole; also many houses near the walls in the neighbourhood of San Barnaba and Sant'Ambrogio, and in several other parts.

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1460

1 year, 10 months, 6 days later

Bastiano Mainardi was born in San Gimignano.

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1460

Giuliano della Rovere serves as altar boy to Pope Sixtus IV.

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Pope Julius II (1443-1513), aged 17: pope; cardinal
Pope Sixtus IV (1414-1484), aged 46: pope

1460

TravelledTo

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1460

Born

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