July 5

on Saturday

A lazzerino of the Mangango(1) was condemned to death, and was beheaded. He had committed the crime of violating a girl of about twelve years old in such a way that she died; and then he had buried her body outside the Porta alla Giusticia.(2) And later it was discovered, as the dogs raked it up. Sentences were issued against him, but he could not be found. When captured some years after, he confessed having committed the outrage.

(1) This may mean a worker at the Mangano (cloth-press). (2) This gate was not far from the Torre della Zecca Vecchia, and was so called because criminals passed under it on the way to execution (Trans.)

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waxing gibbous that night.


December 28

on Sunday

6 years, 5 months, 27 days later

Bernardo Bandini was hung at the windows of Palagio del Capitano, he being the one who was said to have slain Giuliano de' Medici in the Conspiracy of the Pazzi. Certain arrangements had been made with the sultan that he should be given up.(1)

(1) Some important letters written to Lorenzo Carducci, Florentine consul at Constantinople, on the arrest of Bandini made by order of the sultan, and the instructions given to an Antonio de' Medici sent to thank the sultan himself, and to take over the prisoner exist in the Florentine Archives of State, and form part of a collection of Oriental documents which will shortly be brought to light by the Reale Sopridenza of the Tuscan Archives.

Bernardo di Bandino Baroncelli swinging from the noose
The mob gathering to witness the hanging of Bernardo di Bandino Baroncelli
Drawing by Leonardo da Vinci of the hanged Bernardo di Bandino Baroncelli
Leonardo in the act of drawing the hanged Bernardo Bandini

Astronomical Events

The moon was a full moon that night.


June 2

on Thursday

1 year, 5 months, 7 days later

One of the Frescobaldi, and one of the Baldovinetti, and one of the Balducci, were arrested; and on the 6th June they were hung from the windows of the Bargello, or rather, of the Casa del Capitano, having confessed that they had intended to murder Lorenzo de' Medici.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waxing crescent that night.


April 1

on Sunday

1 year, 10 months, 3 days later

At Siena, four men were thrown out of the windows of the Palazzo de' Signori, and six more were hung, who belonged to the Monte de' Nove(1); and many citizens fled into Florentine territory.

(1) A certain political party at Siena.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was in the last quarter that night.
Sunrise in Siena was at 6:00 AM and sunset was at 6:07 PM.
Sunrise in Florence was at 6:00 AM and sunset was at 6:07 PM.


April 7

on Saturday

6 days later

The Sienese beheaded three of their citizens, one being Antonio Belandi, and another one of the knights made by the Duke of Calabria. Thus, in the opposition of parties, are treated those ambitious men who are not contented with the state of life to which God has called them.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was a new moon that night.


March 28

on Monday

3 years, 11 months, 26 days later

The following case happened: A man was hung on the gallows here in Florence, and was taken down for dead, but was later found not to be so. He was carried to Santa Maria Nuova (hospital), and remained there till the 11th April. And those in charge at Santa Maria Nuova finding him of a bad nature, and hearing him talk of taking vengeance, etc., the "Eight" decided to have him hung a second time, and their sentence was carried out.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waxing crescent that night.
Sunrise in Florence was at 6:02 AM and sunset was at 6:08 PM.


May 1

on Tuesday

1 year, 1 month, 5 days later

We heard that the Duke of Milan had entered Forli, and had had several men put to death.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waning gibbous that night.
Sunrise in Forli was at 5:53 AM and sunset was at 5:59 PM.






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