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Venice

1400

Jacopo Bellini is born in Venice.

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1430

30 years, 7 days later

Giovanni Bellini born in Venice.

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Giovanni Bellini (1430-1516): painter

1431

1 year later

Francesco I Sforza leads the Milanese army against Venice.

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1470

39 years, 10 days later

Jacopo Bellini dies in Venice.

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1473

3 years, 1 day later

Antonello da Messina introduces the new medium of oil paint into Venice.

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1478

August 21

on Wednesday

5 years, 7 months, 23 days later

A commissary came to us from Venice, who hired for us 3 thousand soldiers, to be paid by the Venetians.

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The moon was in the last quarter that night.
Sunrise in Florence was at 5:59 AM and sunset was at 6:05 PM.
Sunrise in Venice was at 5:59 AM and sunset was at 6:05 PM.

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No agents

Source: Primary

Luca Landucci; "A Florentine Diary"; p. 23

1478

September 2

on Monday

12 days later

We heard that a conspiracy had been discovered at Venice, and that several persons had been beheaded or imprisoned.

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The moon was waxing crescent that night.
Sunrise in Venice was at 5:55 AM and sunset was at 6:02 PM.

Agents

No agents

Source: Primary

Luca Landucci; "A Florentine Diary"; p. 23

1478

December 7

on Saturday

3 months, 6 days later

Messer Tommaso Soderini went as ambassador to Venice.

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The moon was waxing gibbous that night.
Sunrise in Venice was at 5:48 AM and sunset was at 5:56 PM.

Source: Primary

Luca Landucci; "A Florentine Diary"; p. 25

1482

April 28

on Friday

3 years, 4 months, 23 days later

The Duke of Urbino came to Florence, lodging in the house of Giovanni Tornabuoni, and he was received with honour. And on the 29th he left for Milan, to take up his post as Capitano generale, stopping at Ferrara where Signor Roberto was. There they besieged a fort called Ficheruolo till the 1st June.(1)

And in these days the Duke of Calabria on the other hand was besieging Ostia, near Rome; and on the 10th June it was said that he had taken it, but this was not true. He sacked Corneto,(2) however. The Sienese now recalled some of their exiles.

(1) This is not correct; see note to 2nd July.

(2) These are all facts relating to the war which had lately broken out between the Venetians and the Pope on the one hand, and the Florentines, Milan, and Naples on the other. Federigo, Duke of Urbino, was Capitano generale, and Commander of the League against Venice, and Roberto di Sanseverino was in the service of the latter.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waxing gibbous that night.
Sunrise in Milan was at 5:53 AM and sunset was at 6:00 PM.
Sunrise in Ostia was at 5:53 AM and sunset was at 6:00 PM.
Sunrise in Corneto was at 5:53 AM and sunset was at 6:00 PM.
Sunrise in Ferrara was at 5:53 AM and sunset was at 6:00 PM.
Sunrise in Venice was at 5:53 AM and sunset was at 6:00 PM.
Sunrise in Naples was at 5:53 AM and sunset was at 6:00 PM.

1483

8 months, 8 days later

Workshop in Venice

Andrea del Verrocchio opens a workshop in Venice to work on the statue of Bartolomeo Colleoni, leaving his pupil Lorenzo di Credi in charge of his workshop in Florence.

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1488

5 years, 1 day later

Death

Andrea del Verrocchio dies in Venice.

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Andrea del Verrocchio (1435-1488), aged 53: painter; sculptor

1489

April 13

on Saturday

1 year, 3 months, 13 days later

We heard that a monster had been born at Venice; its mouth was split up to the nose, and one eye was by the nose and the other behind the ear; the face was cracked all over, as if it had been hacked with a knife, and on the forehead was a horn. It lived three or four days only; for they cut off the horn, and it died directly. They say that the lower parts of its body were very strange, and it had an animal's tail. And another was born at Padua, on Good Friday, that had two heads, and two hands on each arm. This one also lived two or three days; one on the heads died first, and when it was cut off, the other did not live much longer. Besides the above cases, a woman of sixty gave birth to three children at once. All these strange things happened in Venetia within a few days of each other. The letter described the facts exactly as I have set them down, and was sent to the bank of Tanai de' Nerli. I copied it, and the facts are true. Such signs signify great trouble in the city where they take place.

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The moon was waxing gibbous that night.
Sunrise in Venice was at 5:56 AM and sunset was at 6:03 PM.
Sunrise in Padua was at 5:56 AM and sunset was at 6:03 PM.

1494

July 22

on Sunday

5 years, 3 months, 11 days later

We sent ambassadors to Venice; they were: Pagoloantonio Soderini(1) and Giovan Battista Ridolfi.

(1) He was recalled on the 9th November.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waning gibbous that night.
Sunrise in Venice was at 6:01 AM and sunset was at 6:08 PM.

1499

4 years, 5 months, 14 days later

With the duke Ludovico Sforza's fall from power, Leonardo da Vinci flees Milan for Venice, with his assistant Giocomo Salai and friend, the mathematician Luca Pacioli.

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Ludovico Sforza (1452-1508), aged 47: duke
Luca Pacioli (1445-1517), aged 54: mathematician
Giocomo Salai (1480-1524), aged 19: painter

1499

July 28

on Friday

6 months, 28 days later

First Battle of Lepanto: The Turkish navy wins a decisive victory over the Venetians.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waning gibbous that night.
Sunrise in Venice was at 6:01 AM and sunset was at 6:08 PM.
Sunrise in Turkey was at 6:01 AM and sunset was at 6:08 PM.

Source: Primary

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1499

1500

5 months, 7 days later

Giorgione meets Leonardo da Vinci in Venice.

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1501

1 year later

Italic type (cut by Francesco Griffo) is first used by Aldus Manutius at the Aldine Press in Venice, in an edition of Virgil.

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Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1501

1502

September

1 year, 8 months, 3 days later

A Greek and Italian parallel text edition of Herodotus' Histories done for Count Matteo Maria Boiardo is published in Venice by Aldus Manutius.

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Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1502

1504

1 year, 4 months, 2 days later

Venetian ambassadors suggest to Turkey the construction of a Suez Canal.

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No agents

Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1504

1504

Aldus Manutius publishes his edition of Demosthenes in Venice.

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Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1504

1506

2 years, 1 day later

Albrecht Dürer, visiting Venice for a second time, describes Giovanni Bellini as still the best painter in the city, and as full of all courtesy and generosity towards foreign brethren of the brush.

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1508

February

2 years, 1 month, 1 day later

Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor attacks the Republic of Venice.

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Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (1459-1519), aged 49: king

Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1508

1509

April 27

on Tuesday

1 year, 2 months, 26 days later

Pope Julius II places Venice under interdict and excommunication for refusing to cede part of Romagna to papal control.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was in the first quarter that night.
Sunrise in Venice was at 5:53 AM and sunset was at 6:00 PM.
Sunrise in Emilia-Romagna was at 5:53 AM and sunset was at 6:00 PM.

Agents

Pope Julius II (1443-1513), aged 66: pope; cardinal

Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1509

1509

May 14

on Friday

17 days later

French forces defeat the Venetians in the Battle of Agnadello.

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The moon was waning crescent that night.
Sunrise in France was at 5:52 AM and sunset was at 5:59 PM.
Sunrise in Venice was at 5:52 AM and sunset was at 5:59 PM.

Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1509

1509

Spring

Pope Julius II places Venice under interdict.

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Pope Julius II (1443-1513), aged 66: pope; cardinal

1510

1 year later

Giorgione is buried on the Venetian plague island of Lazzareto Nuovo.

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Giorgione (1477-1510), aged 33: painter

1512

2 years later

Titian returns to Venice from Padua.

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Titian (1488-1576), aged 24: painter

1516

November 26

on Sunday

4 years, 11 months, 1 day later

Giovanni Bellini dies in Venice.

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The moon was waxing crescent that night.
Sunrise in Venice was at 5:44 AM and sunset was at 5:51 PM.

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Giovanni Bellini (1430-1516), aged 86: painter

1522

April 27

on Thursday

5 years, 5 months, 3 days later

In the Battle of Bicocca, French and Swiss forces under Odet de Lautrec are defeated by the Spanish in their attempt to retake Milan, and are forced to withdraw into Venetian territory.

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The moon was a new moon that night.
Sunrise in Venice was at 5:53 AM and sunset was at 6:00 PM.
Sunrise in Milan was at 5:53 AM and sunset was at 6:00 PM.

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No agents

Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1522

1526

May 22

on Saturday

4 years, 26 days later

King Francoise I repudiates the Treaty of Madrid and forms the League of Cognac against Charles, including Pope Clement VII, Milan, Venice, and Florence.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waxing gibbous that night.
Sunrise in Venice was at 5:52 AM and sunset was at 5:59 PM.
Sunrise in Milan was at 5:52 AM and sunset was at 5:59 PM.
Sunrise in Florence was at 5:52 AM and sunset was at 5:59 PM.

Agents

Pope Clement VII (1478-1534), aged 48: pope
King Francoise I (1494-1547), aged 32: king

Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1526

1529

2 years, 7 months, 15 days later

Pietro Bembo becomes historiographer of Venice.

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Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1529

1529

September 21

on Saturday

8 months, 23 days later

Michelangelo abandons his post

Michelangelo flees Florence, abandoning his post as military engineer in charge of the city's fortifications. A letter from Michelangelo to his friend Battista della Palla on the 25th of September 1529 makes clear his reasons:

Battista, dearest friend, I left Florence, as I think you know, meaning to go to France. When I reached Venice, I inquired about the road, and they told me I should have pass through German territory, and that he journey is both perilous and difficult. Therefore I thought it well to ask you, at your pleasure, whether you are still inclined to go, and to beg you; and so I entreat you, let me know, and say where you want me to wait for you, and we will travel together. I left home without speaking to any of my friends, and in great confusion. You know that I wanted in any case to go to France, and often asked for leave, but did not get it. Nevertheless I was quite resolved, and without any sort of fear, to see the end of the war out first. But on Tuesday morning, September 21, a certain person came out by the gate at S. Niccolo, where I was attending to the bastions, and whispered in my ear that, if I meant to save my life, I must not stay at Florence. He accompanied me home, dined there, brought me horses, and never left my side till he got me outside the city, declaring that this was my salvation. Whether God or the devil was the man, I do not know.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waning gibbous that night.
Sunrise in Venice was at 5:49 AM and sunset was at 5:56 PM.
Sunrise in France was at 5:49 AM and sunset was at 5:56 PM.
Sunrise in Florence was at 5:49 AM and sunset was at 5:56 PM.
Sunrise in Germany was at 5:49 AM and sunset was at 5:56 PM.

Source: Primary

Symonds, John Addington: "The Life of Michelangelo Buonarroti", Modern Library (New York), p.267-8

1529

October 22

on Tuesday

1 month, 1 day later

Granacci pays Sebastiano di Francesco, a stone-cutter, to whom Michelangelo is much attached, money for his journey to Venice.

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The moon was waning gibbous that night.
Sunrise in Venice was at 5:41 AM and sunset was at 5:48 PM.

Source: Primary

Symonds, John Addington. "The Life of Michelangelo Buonarotti", Modern Library (New York), p. 273

1530

August

9 months, 13 days later

Titian moves his two boys and infant daughter to a new home, and convinces his sister Orsa to come from Cadore and take charge of the household. The mansion, difficult to find now, is in the Biri Grande, then a fashionable suburb, at the extreme end of Venice, on the sea, with beautiful gardens and a view towards Murano.

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Titian (1488-1576), aged 42: painter

1547

16 years, 5 months, 7 days later

Titian is summoned away from Venice to paint Charles V and other members of his court in Augsburg.

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Titian (1488-1576), aged 59: painter

1581

34 years, 9 days later

Palestrina's "Il primo libro de madrigali" (First book of madrigals) is published by Gardano in Venice.

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Il primo libro de madrigali, by Palestrina Palestrina first book of madrigals, published in Venice in 1581.

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Agents

Palestrina (1525-1594), aged 56: composer

Source: Primary

http://imslp.org/wiki/List_of_works_by_Giovanni_Pierluigi_da_Palestrina

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