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Switzerland

1472

Cardinal della Rovere acquires the bishopric of Lausanne.

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Pope Julius II (1443-1513), aged 29: pope; cardinal

1478

December 28

on Saturday

6 years, 12 months, 3 days later

Battle of Giornico: Swiss troops defeat the Milanese.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waxing crescent that night.
Sunrise in Milan was at 5:59 AM and sunset was at 6:06 PM.
Sunrise in Switzerland was at 5:59 AM and sunset was at 6:06 PM.

Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1478

1499

July 22

on Saturday

20 years, 7 months, 1 day later

Battle of Dornach: The Swiss decisively defeat the army of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was a full moon that night.
Sunrise in Switzerland was at 6:01 AM and sunset was at 6:08 PM.

Source: Primary

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1499

1499

September 22

on Friday

2 months, 2 days later

Treaty of Basel: Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor is forced to grant the Swiss de facto independence.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waning gibbous that night.
Sunrise in Switzerland was at 5:49 AM and sunset was at 5:55 PM.

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Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (1459-1519), aged 40: king

Source: Primary

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1499

1513

September 23

on Tuesday

14 years, 4 days later

A landslide occurred in the Alps near Bellinzona which is described by Leandro Alberti in 1550:

In the past years an earthquake caused a large part of a mountain to collapse, in such a way that the Bregno valley came to be obstructed; and as the river came to be dammed up, it produced a large and dark lake with great damage to the inhabitants of the valley, many of whom were drowned and their houses submerged. And so it stayed for quite some time, until the fallen earth made gradually soft by the infiltrations of the water and being no longer sufficiently strong to retain the immense pressure of it, suddenly burst open to the fury of the swollen waters. And since the former river bed, which was joined to the Ticino, was no longer adequate to contain it, the water flooded all the neighbouring regions, overthrowing in part even that strong wall which Lodovico Sforza had built near Bellinzona.

It is suggested by Carlo Pedretti that Leonardo da Vinci describes this event in the Codex Atlanticus around 1513:

... for in our own times a similar thing has been seen, that is, a mountain falling seven miles across a valley and closing it up and turning it into a lake.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was in the last quarter that night.
Sunrise in Bellinzona was at 5:49 AM and sunset was at 5:55 PM.
Sunrise in Ticino was at 5:49 AM and sunset was at 5:55 PM.
Sunrise in Bregno was at 5:49 AM and sunset was at 5:55 PM.

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