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Milan

1431

Francesco I Sforza leads the Milanese army against Venice.

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1433

2 years, 1 day later

Francesco I Sforza leads the Milanese attack on the Papal States, but when he conquers Ancona, in the Marche, he changes sides, obtaining the title of vicar of the city directly from Pope Eugene IV.

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1452

July 27

on Tuesday

19 years, 7 months, 2 days later

Lucrezia Crivelli was born in Milan.

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The moon was waxing gibbous that night.
Sunrise in Milan was at 6:01 AM and sunset was at 6:08 PM.

1465

April 10

on Monday

12 years, 8 months, 20 days later

There passed through Florence a son of Don Ferante, King of Naples, on his way to Milan to fetch the daughter of the Duke of Milan to be wedded to his brother. This lad was twelve or thirteen years old; he was made much of, and was lodged at Santa Maria Novella. And afterwards he returned through Florence with the bride, accompanied by many signori and dukes, with a large troop of horse; and besides other things, there were so many damsels and matrons in his train that it was magnificent. And at this time a man was found coining false money, and he was beheaded.

Attachments
Portrait of Francesco I Sforza, Duke of Milan
Portrait bust traditionally identified with Ippolita Maria Sforza, daughter of Francesco I, by Francesco Laurana
Portrait bust of Don Ferante, King of Naples
Alfonso II, brother of Duke Ferante, King of Naples

Astronomical Events

The moon was a full moon that night.
Sunrise in Milan was at 5:57 AM and sunset was at 6:04 PM.
Sunrise in Florence was at 5:57 AM and sunset was at 6:04 PM.

1466

March 8

on Thursday

11 months, 2 days later

Francesco I Sforza dies in Milan, leaving the throne to his first-born son, Galeazzo Maria Sforza.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was in the last quarter that night.
Sunrise in Milan was at 6:08 AM and sunset was at 6:14 PM.

1478

December 28

on Saturday

12 years, 9 months, 28 days later

Battle of Giornico: Swiss troops defeat the Milanese.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waxing crescent that night.
Sunrise in Milan was at 5:59 AM and sunset was at 6:06 PM.
Sunrise in Switzerland was at 5:59 AM and sunset was at 6:06 PM.

Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1478

1480

1 year, 4 days later

Giocomo Salai is born in Milan.

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Giocomo Salai (1480-1524): painter

1480

June 3

on Thursday

5 months, 4 days later

Messer Piero Vespucci was permitted to return to Florence, and was restituted in all his rights, according to the wish of the duke.(1)

At this time the price of grain fell to 15 soldi the bushel, and the like low prices.

(1) He, however, preferred leaving Tuscany, and went to offer his services to the Sforza in Milan, and was appointed Ducal Councillor by Ludovico il Moro. Sent to exercise his authority at the city of Alessandria, he met with a tragic end, being killed in 1485 in a popular rising.

Attachments
Portrait of Ludovico Sforza

Astronomical Events

The moon was waning crescent that night.
Sunrise in Tuscany was at 5:53 AM and sunset was at 6:00 PM.
Sunrise in Florence was at 5:53 AM and sunset was at 6:00 PM.
Sunrise in Milan was at 5:53 AM and sunset was at 6:00 PM.

1481

7 months, 2 days later

After a bitter struggle for the duchy of Milan with the child-regent Gian Galeazzo Sforza's mother, Bona of Savoy, followed, the boy's uncle, Ludovico Sforza, emerges as victor and seizes control of the government of Milan.

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Ludovico Sforza (1452-1508), aged 29: duke
Gian Galeazo Sforza (1469-1494), aged 12: duke

1481

October 2

on Sunday

9 months, 4 days later

Signor Gostanzo di Pesaro(1) arrived in Florence, with a fine troop of men-at-arms, and several squadrons of crossbowmen on horseback, being on his way to Milan.

(1) A Florentine captain, to whom the baton of Capitano generale was given two days later.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was in the first quarter that night.
Sunrise in Milan was at 5:46 AM and sunset was at 5:52 PM.

1482

3 months, 1 day later

Leonardo da Vinci moves to Milan to work in the service of the city's duke, Ludovico Sforza. He gains the title of "painter and engineer" of the duke.

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1482

April 28

on Friday

3 months, 27 days later

The Duke of Urbino came to Florence, lodging in the house of Giovanni Tornabuoni, and he was received with honour. And on the 29th he left for Milan, to take up his post as Capitano generale, stopping at Ferrara where Signor Roberto was. There they besieged a fort called Ficheruolo till the 1st June.(1)

And in these days the Duke of Calabria on the other hand was besieging Ostia, near Rome; and on the 10th June it was said that he had taken it, but this was not true. He sacked Corneto,(2) however. The Sienese now recalled some of their exiles.

(1) This is not correct; see note to 2nd July.

(2) These are all facts relating to the war which had lately broken out between the Venetians and the Pope on the one hand, and the Florentines, Milan, and Naples on the other. Federigo, Duke of Urbino, was Capitano generale, and Commander of the League against Venice, and Roberto di Sanseverino was in the service of the latter.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waxing gibbous that night.
Sunrise in Milan was at 5:53 AM and sunset was at 6:00 PM.
Sunrise in Ostia was at 5:53 AM and sunset was at 6:00 PM.
Sunrise in Corneto was at 5:53 AM and sunset was at 6:00 PM.
Sunrise in Ferrara was at 5:53 AM and sunset was at 6:00 PM.
Sunrise in Venice was at 5:53 AM and sunset was at 6:00 PM.
Sunrise in Naples was at 5:53 AM and sunset was at 6:00 PM.

1483

8 months, 8 days later

Leonardo da Vinci makes a sketch of the design for the Arial Screw while in Milan.

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1484

1 year later

Josquin des Prez composes Ave Maria… virgo serena in Milan.

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Ave Maria… virgo serena Performance of "Ave Maria, gratia plena...virgo serena" by the Hilliard Ensemble.

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Josquin des Prez (1450-1521), aged 34: composer

Source: Primary

http://imslp.org/wiki/List_of_works_by_Josquin_Desprez

1485

1 year, 1 day later

The plague reaches Milan.

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1490

January 13

on Monday

5 years, 13 days later

'Paradise' is performed in the court of Ludovico Sforza in Milan.

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The court applauds rapturously the performance of "Paradiso" staged by Leonardo da Vinci
An angel in the celestial sphere of the 'Paradise'
Performance of 'Paradiso' at the court of Ludovico Sforza
Scene from the "Paradise"
Apollo and his chariot emerge from the heavens in 'Paradiso'
The three Graces dance before the celestial sphere in "Paradiso"
The Duke of Milan, Ludovico Sforza, admiring the spectacle of 'Paradiso'

Astronomical Events

The moon was in the last quarter that night.
Sunrise in Milan was at 6:06 AM and sunset was at 6:13 PM.

1492

1 year, 11 months, 23 days later

At about this time in Milan, Leonardo was beginning to collect observations on painting and on a variety of scientific and literary subjects, with a view to gathering them in the form of treatises.

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1493

November

1 year, 10 months, 5 days later

The festival for the marriage of Bianca Maria Sforza, sister of Galeazzo, to Maximilian of Austria takes place in Milan.

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Bianca Maria Sforza (1472-1510), aged 21: woman

1494

2 months, 1 day later

Gian Galeazo Sforza dies under suspicious conditions, in Milan, and the throne falls to his uncle, Ludovico Sforza.

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Gian Galeazo Sforza (1469-1494), aged 25: duke
Ludovico Sforza (1452-1508), aged 42: duke

1494

Study

Baldassare Castiglione begins his humanist studies in Milan, studies which would eventually inform his future writings.

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1495

1 year later

Leonardo da Vinci's mother Caterina is believed to die in Milan in this year.

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1495

January 2

on Wednesday

1 day later

2nd January (Friday). Two ambassadors were sent to Milan, Messer Luca Corsini and Giovanni Cavalcanti. They went in fine array. (1)

(1) To congratulate Ludovico Sforza, called Il Moro, on his becoming Duke of Milan.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was in the first quarter that night.
Sunrise in Milan was at 6:01 AM and sunset was at 6:08 PM.

1497

March

2 years, 1 month, 29 days later

Giovanni Paolo I Sforza is born in Milan.

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1499

1 year, 10 months, 6 days later

On the death of his father, Baldassare Castiglione leaves his studies in Milan to succeed his father as the head of their noble family.

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1499

With the duke Ludovico Sforza's fall from power, Leonardo da Vinci flees Milan for Venice, with his assistant Giocomo Salai and friend, the mathematician Luca Pacioli.

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Ludovico Sforza (1452-1508), aged 47: duke
Luca Pacioli (1445-1517), aged 54: mathematician
Giocomo Salai (1480-1524), aged 19: painter

1500

February

1 year, 1 month, 1 day later

Ludovico Sforza re-enters Milan with an army of mercenaries.

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Ludovico Sforza (1452-1508), aged 48: duke

1506

5 years, 11 months, 5 days later

Leonardo da Vinci took three months' leave of absence from his work on the Battle of Anghiari mural in Florence to go to Milan in the service of the French governor Charles d'Amboise, who commissioned the project of a house and garden from him.

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1506

Leonardo da Vinci returns to Milan.

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1508

2 years later

Leonardo da Vinci is back in Milan, living in his own house in Porta Orientale.

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1515

October

7 years, 9 months, 5 days later

King Francoise I of France recaptures Milan.

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King Francoise I (1494-1547), aged 21: king

1522

April 27

on Thursday

6 years, 7 months later

In the Battle of Bicocca, French and Swiss forces under Odet de Lautrec are defeated by the Spanish in their attempt to retake Milan, and are forced to withdraw into Venetian territory.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was a new moon that night.
Sunrise in Venice was at 5:53 AM and sunset was at 6:00 PM.
Sunrise in Milan was at 5:53 AM and sunset was at 6:00 PM.

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No agents

Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1522

1526

January 14

on Thursday

3 years, 8 months, 23 days later

With the Treaty of Madrid, peace is declared between Francis I of France and Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor. Francis agrees to cede Burgundy to Charles, and abandons all claims to Flanders, Artois, Naples, and Milan.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was a new moon that night.
Sunrise in Flanders was at 6:06 AM and sunset was at 6:13 PM.
Sunrise in Naples was at 6:06 AM and sunset was at 6:13 PM.
Sunrise in Milan was at 6:06 AM and sunset was at 6:13 PM.

Agents

King Francoise I (1494-1547), aged 32: king

Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1526

1526

May 22

on Saturday

4 months, 8 days later

King Francoise I repudiates the Treaty of Madrid and forms the League of Cognac against Charles, including Pope Clement VII, Milan, Venice, and Florence.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waxing gibbous that night.
Sunrise in Venice was at 5:52 AM and sunset was at 5:59 PM.
Sunrise in Milan was at 5:52 AM and sunset was at 5:59 PM.
Sunrise in Florence was at 5:52 AM and sunset was at 5:59 PM.

Agents

Pope Clement VII (1478-1534), aged 48: pope
King Francoise I (1494-1547), aged 32: king

Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1526

1526

July 24

on Saturday

2 months, 3 days later

Milan is captured by the Spanish.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was a full moon that night.
Sunrise in Spain was at 6:01 AM and sunset was at 6:09 PM.
Sunrise in Milan was at 6:01 AM and sunset was at 6:09 PM.

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No agents

Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1526

1540

13 years, 5 months, 14 days later

Titian receives a pension from d'Avalos, marquis del Vasto, and an annuity of 200 crowns (which is afterwards doubled) from Charles V from the treasury of Milan.

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Titian (1488-1576), aged 52: painter

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