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Andrea del Verrocchio

Florentine Renaissance painter and sculptor born in Florence (1435) and died in Venice (1488), aged 53

Students

Giovanni Francesco Rustici (1474-1554) Italian Renaissance painter and sculptor

Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) Florentine High Renaissance anatomist, painter, architect, sculptor, military engineer, scientist, inventor and writer

Lorenzo di Credi Florentine Renaissance painter

Botticelli (1445-1510) Florentine Renaissance painter, man and goldsmith

Parents

Michele di Francesco Cioni Florentine man and tax collector

Teachers

Andrea Dei Florentine Early Renaissance man and goldsmith

Followers

Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) Florentine High Renaissance anatomist, painter, architect, sculptor, military engineer, scientist, inventor and writer

1435

Birth

Andrea del Verrocchio is born in Florence.

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1450s

15 years, 4 days later

A tragic beginning

As a result of a tragic stone-throwing game with his Florentine compatriots, Andrea del Verrocchio kills Antonio di Domenico, a woodworker aged 14. He is imprisoned and tried for involuntary manslaughter, but released soon afterward, the judges being used to stone-throwing cases, not unusual in in Florence. Verrocchio is guilt-stricken for the rest of his life, and it’s thought the accidental death was the reason he didn’t put a stone in the hand of his celebrated David.

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1453

3 years, 1 day later

Apprenticeship

Andrea del Verrocchio studies with goldsmith Andrea Dei in Florence.

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Andrea del Verrocchio (1435-1488), aged 18: painter; sculptor

1457

4 years, 1 day later

A change of name

Andrea del Verrocchio becomes affiliated with Francesco di Luca Verrocchio, taking on his patronymic.

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Andrea del Verrocchio (1435-1488), aged 22: painter; sculptor

1465

8 years, 2 days later

Lavabo

Andrea del Verrocchio works on the lavabo of the Old Sacristy in San Lorenzo, Florence.

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The lavabo (washbasin) of Andrea del Verrocchio

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1465

Monument to Cosimo

Andrea del Verrocchio executes the funerary monument to Cosimo de' Medici for the crypt under the altar of San Lorenzo.

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1467

2 years later

Christ and St. Thomas

The Tribunale della Mercanzia, the judicial organ of the Guilds in Florence, commissions from Andrea del Verrocchio a bronze group portraying Christ and St. Thomas for the centre tabernacle.

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Andrea del Verrocchio (1435-1488), aged 32: painter; sculptor

1467

Leonardo's apprenticeship

Leonardo da Vinci is sent to Florence to work as apprentice to Andrea del Verrocchio.

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Leonardo in Verrocchio's studio painting his parts of 'The Baptism of Christ'

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1468

1 year later

The bronze candlestick

Andrea del Verrocchio makes a bronze candlestick (1.57 metres high) for Signoria of Florence.

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1468

The Palla

Andrea del Verrocchio is contracted to make a golden ball (palla) to be placed on top of the lantern of Brunelleschi's cupola on the Duomo in Florence.

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1470

2 years, 1 day later

Journey to Rome

Andrea del Verrocchio makes a voyage to Rome in the early 1470s.

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Andrea del Verrocchio (1435-1488), aged 35: painter; sculptor

1471

February

1 year, 1 month, 1 day later

Andrea del Verrocchio completes Palla of the Duomo of Florence.

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The Palla of the Duomo of Florence

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Andrea del Verrocchio (1435-1488), aged 36: painter; sculptor

1473

August 5

on Tuesday

2 years, 6 months, 6 days later

Leonardo da Vinci produces a pen and ink drawing of the Arno valley that is dated to this day. It is said to be one of the earliest Italian landscape drawings that focuses on the particular character of the location.

The drawing is said by some scholars to be a study intended for the 'Baptism of Christ', which Leonardo painted with Andrea del Verrocchio around this time.

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Drawing of the Arno valley by Leonardo da Vinci
Landscape from 'Baptism of Christ'

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The moon was waxing gibbous that night.
Sunrise in Arno was at 6:01 AM and sunset was at 6:08 PM.

Source: Primary

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonardo_da_Vinci

1474

4 months, 29 days later

The Baptism of Christ

Andrea del Verrocchio, with a young Leonardo da Vinci, paints The Baptism of Christ.

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1474

The Forteguerri Monument

Andrea del Verrocchio executes The Forteguerri Monument for the Cathedral of Pistoia, which he leaves unfinished.

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1476

2 years later

Accusations of sodomy

Leonardo da Vinci is anonymously accused, along with three others, of committing sodomy with Jocopo Salterelli (a 17-year-old part-time model in Verrocchio’s studio).

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Leonardo (far right) and others in court on charges of sodomy
The magistrates discuss the case of young Florentines, including Leonardo, who were anonymously accused of sodomy

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1476

David is sold

Signoria of Florence purchases the David by Andrea del Verrocchio from the Medici family.

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1478

2 years, 1 day later

Leonardo da Vinci leaves Verrocchio's studio and is no longer resident at his father's house.

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1483

5 years, 1 day later

Workshop in Venice

Andrea del Verrocchio opens a workshop in Venice to work on the statue of Bartolomeo Colleoni, leaving his pupil Lorenzo di Credi in charge of his workshop in Florence.

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1483

June 21

on Thursday

5 months, 21 days later

In a tabernacle in Orto Sa' Michele there was placed the figure of San Tommaso beside Jesus, and the Jesus in bronze, which is the most beautiful thing imaginable, and the finest head of the Saviour that has as yet been made; it is by Andrea del Verrocchio.

At this time the Duke of Calabria and Signor Roberto left Ferrara and went into Lombardy, where much damage was being down on all sides, and Signor Gostanzo was poisoned there.

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The moon was a full moon that night.
Sunrise in Ferrara was at 5:56 AM and sunset was at 6:04 PM.

1488

4 years, 6 months, 15 days later

Death

Andrea del Verrocchio dies in Venice.

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Andrea del Verrocchio (1435-1488), aged 53: painter; sculptor

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