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Raphael

Umbrian High Renaissance painter, architect and poet born in Urbino (1483) and died in Rome (1520), aged 37

Employers

Pope Leo X (1475-1521) Florentine pope

Pope Julius II (1443-1513) Italian pope and cardinal

Teachers

Perugino (1446-1523) Umbrian Renaissance painter

Timoteo Viti painter

Parents

Giovanni Santi poet and painter

Followers

Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres (1780-1867) French Neo-Classical draughtstman and painter

Students

Giulio Romano (1499-1546) Italian draughtstman, architect and painter

Friends

Fra Bartolomeo painter

Baldassare Castiglione (1478-1529) writer, soldier, count and courtier

Bramante (1444-1514) Italian Renaissance architect

Follower of

Michelangelo (1475-1564) Florentine High Renaissance military engineer, sculptor, painter, architect and poet

Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) Florentine High Renaissance anatomist, painter, architect, sculptor, military engineer, scientist, inventor and writer

1483

March 28

on Wednesday

Raphael is born in Urbino.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waning gibbous that night.
Sunrise in Urbino was at 6:02 AM and sunset was at 6:08 PM.

Agents

Raphael (1483-1520): painter; architect; poet

1500

16 years, 9 months, 13 days later

Raphael comes into contact with the works of Paolo Uccello in Urbino.

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Raphael (1483-1520), aged 17: painter; architect; poet

1500

Raphael and Evangelista da Pian di Meleto are commissioned to paint The Baronci Altarpiece for the church of Saint Nicholas of Tolentino in Città di Castello.

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Raphael (1483-1520), aged 17: painter; architect; poet
Evangelista da Pian di Meleto (1460-1549), aged 40: painter

1501

1 year later

Raphael is accorded a fully trained master.

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Raphael (1483-1520), aged 18: painter; architect; poet

1501

Raphael and Evangelista da Pian di Meleto finish The Baronci Altarpiece.

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Raphael (1483-1520), aged 18: painter; architect; poet
Evangelista da Pian di Meleto (1460-1549), aged 41: painter

1502

1 year later

Raphael goes to Siena at the invitation of another pupil of Perugino, Pinturicchio, "being a friend of Raphael and knowing him to be a draughtsman of the highest quality" to help with the cartoons, and very likely the designs, for a fresco series in the Piccolomini Library of the Duomo in Siena in Siena Cathedral.

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Pinturicchio (1454-1513), aged 48: painter
Raphael (1483-1520), aged 19: painter; architect; poet

1502

Raphael paints The Mond Crucifixion for a church in Urbino.

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Raphael (1483-1520), aged 19: painter; architect; poet

1502

Raphael paints the The Oddi Altarpiece for the altar of the Oddi family chapel in the church of San Francesco al Prato in Perugia.

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Raphael (1483-1520), aged 19: painter; architect; poet

1504

2 years later

Raphael is based in Florence, on and off, for the next four years.

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Raphael (1483-1520), aged 21: painter; architect; poet

1504

Raphael paints The Marriage of the Virgin for a Franciscan church in Città di Castello.

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Raphael (1483-1520), aged 21: painter; architect; poet

1504

August

7 months, 3 days later

The mother of the next Duke of Urbino writes a letter of recommendation of Raphael to the Gonfaloniere of Florence: "The bearer of this will be found to be Raphael, painter of Urbino, who, being greatly gifted in his profession has determined to spend some time in Florence to study. And because his father was most worthy and I was very attached to him, and the son is a sensible and well-mannered young man, on both accounts, I bear him great love..."

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Raphael (1483-1520), aged 21: painter; architect; poet

1508

Winter

3 years, 8 months, 4 days later

Raphael is invited to Rome by the new pope, Julius II, perhaps at the instigation of the papal architect, Bramante. Raphael dwells in Rome until his death.

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Agents

Pope Julius II (1443-1513), aged 65: pope; cardinal
Bramante (1444-1514), aged 64: architect
Raphael (1483-1520), aged 25: painter; architect; poet

1508

Winter

Raphael is commissioned by Pope Julius II to fresco his private library at the Vatican Palace.

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Agents

Raphael (1483-1520), aged 25: painter; architect; poet
Pope Julius II (1443-1513), aged 65: pope; cardinal

1514

5 years, 9 months, 6 days later

Giulio Romano paints The Fire in the Borgo after designs by Raphael.

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Agents

Giulio Romano (1499-1546), aged 15: draughtstman; architect; painter
Raphael (1483-1520), aged 31: painter; architect; poet

1520

April 6

on Tuesday

6 years, 3 months, 7 days later

Raphael dies in Rome.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waning gibbous that night.
Sunrise in Rome was at 5:59 AM and sunset was at 6:05 PM.

Agents

Raphael (1483-1520), aged 37: painter; architect; poet

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