The Grand Turk



December 23

on Tuesday

Bernardo Bandini de' Baroncegli was captured at Constantinople, the Grand Turk having given him up. He had fled from Florence when Giuliano de' Medici was murdered, believing that his life would be safe at Constantinople.

News arrived that the Duke of Calabria had taken possession of Siena, but it was not true. However, to all intents and purposes, he was master of the place, for the Sienese were helpless, having left him come in with all his troops, and he did what he chose.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was waxing gibbous that night.
Sunrise in Constantinople was at 5:56 AM and sunset was at 6:03 PM.
Sunrise in Florence was at 5:56 AM and sunset was at 6:03 PM.
Sunrise in Siena was at 5:56 AM and sunset was at 6:03 PM.


December 28

on Sunday

5 days later

Bernardo Bandini was hung at the windows of Palagio del Capitano, he being the one who was said to have slain Giuliano de' Medici in the Conspiracy of the Pazzi. Certain arrangements had been made with the sultan that he should be given up.(1)

(1) Some important letters written to Lorenzo Carducci, Florentine consul at Constantinople, on the arrest of Bandini made by order of the sultan, and the instructions given to an Antonio de' Medici sent to thank the sultan himself, and to take over the prisoner exist in the Florentine Archives of State, and form part of a collection of Oriental documents which will shortly be brought to light by the Reale Sopridenza of the Tuscan Archives.

Bernardo di Bandino Baroncelli swinging from the noose
The mob gathering to witness the hanging of Bernardo di Bandino Baroncelli
Drawing by Leonardo da Vinci of the hanged Bernardo di Bandino Baroncelli
Leonardo in the act of drawing the hanged Bernardo Bandini

Astronomical Events

The moon was a full moon that night.


May 28

on Saturday

1 year, 5 months, 2 days later

We heard that the Turkish sultan was dead; but nevertheless the Christians did not yet make a move.

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Astronomical Events

The moon was a new moon that night.






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