Venice City in Veneto, Italy, Europe

Adoration of the Shepherds see all

Assumption of the Virgin see all

Cain and Abel see all

Christ Carrying the Cross see all

Crucifixion see all

David and Goliath see all

Dream of St. Ursula see all

Pietà see all

Presentation of Christ in the Temple see all

Sacred Conversation see all

Saint Augustine in His Study see all

Saint George Baptizing the Selenites see all

The Last Supper see all

The Sacrifice of Isaac see all

1400

Jacopo Bellini is born in Venice.

1430

1431

Francesco I Sforza leads the Milanese army against Venice.

1470

1473

Antonello da Messina introduces the new medium of oil paint into Venice.

1478

August 21

A commissary came to us from Venice, who hired for us 3 thousand soldiers, to be paid by the Venetians.

September 2

We heard that a conspiracy had been discovered at Venice, and that several persons had been beheaded or imprisoned.

December 7

Messer Tommaso Soderini went as ambassador to Venice.

1482

April 28

The Duke of Urbino came to Florence, lodging in the house of Giovanni Tornabuoni, and he was received with honour. And on the 29th he left for Milan, to take up his post as _Capitano generale_, stopping at Ferrara where Signor Roberto was. There they besieged a fort called Ficheruolo till the 1st June.(1) And in these days the Duke of Calabria on the other hand was besieging Ostia, near Rome; and on the 10th June it was said that he had taken it, but this was not true. He sacked Corneto,(2) however. The Sienese now recalled some of their exiles. > (1) This is not correct; see note to 2nd July. > > (2) These are all facts relating to the war which had lately broken out between the Venetians and the Pope on the one hand, and the Florentines, Milan, and Naples on the other. Federigo, Duke of Urbino, was _Capitano generale_, and Commander of the League against Venice, and Roberto di Sanseverino was in the service of the latter.

1483

Andrea del Verrocchio opens a workshop in Venice to work on the statue of Bartolomeo Colleoni, leaving his pupil Lorenzo di Credi in charge of his workshop in Florence.

1489

April 13

We heard that a monster had been born at Venice; its mouth was split up to the nose, and one eye was by the nose and the other behind the ear; the face was cracked all over, as if it had been hacked with a knife, and on the forehead was a horn. It lived three or four days only; for they cut off the horn, and it died directly. They say that the lower parts of its body were very strange, and it had an animal's tail. And another was born at Padua, on Good Friday, that had two heads, and two hands on each arm. This one also lived two or three days; one on the heads died first, and when it was cut off, the other did not live much longer. Besides the above cases, a woman of sixty gave birth to three children at once. All these strange things happened in Venetia within a few days of each other. The letter described the facts exactly as I have set them down, and was sent to the bank of Tanai de' Nerli. I copied it, and the facts are true. Such signs signify great trouble in the city where they take place.

1494

July 22

We sent ambassadors to Venice; they were: Pagoloantonio Soderini(1) and Giovan Battista Ridolfi. > (1) He was recalled on the 9th November.

1499

With the duke Ludovico Sforza's fall from power, Leonardo da Vinci flees Milan for Venice, with his assistant Giocomo Salai and friend, the mathematician Luca Pacioli.

July 28

First Battle of Lepanto: The Turkish navy wins a decisive victory over the Venetians.

1501

Italic type (cut by Francesco Griffo) is first used by Aldus Manutius at the Aldine Press in Venice, in an edition of Virgil.

1502

September

A Greek and Italian parallel text edition of Herodotus' _Histories_ done for Count Matteo Maria Boiardo is published in Venice by Aldus Manutius.

1504

Venetian ambassadors suggest to Turkey the construction of a Suez Canal.
Aldus Manutius publishes his edition of Demosthenes in Venice.

1506

Albrecht Dürer, visiting Venice for a second time, describes Giovanni Bellini as still the best painter in the city, and as full of all courtesy and generosity towards foreign brethren of the brush.

1508

February

Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor attacks the Republic of Venice.

1509

April 27

Pope Julius II places Venice under interdict and excommunication for refusing to cede part of Romagna to papal control.

May 14

French forces defeat the Venetians in the Battle of Agnadello.

Spring

Pope Julius II places Venice under interdict.

1510

Giorgione is buried on the Venetian plague island of Lazzareto Nuovo.

1512

Titian returns to Venice from Padua.

1516

November 26

1522

April 27

In the Battle of Bicocca, French and Swiss forces under Odet de Lautrec are defeated by the Spanish in their attempt to retake Milan, and are forced to withdraw into Venetian territory.

1526

May 22

King Francoise I repudiates the Treaty of Madrid and forms the League of Cognac against Charles, including Pope Clement VII, Milan, Venice, and Florence.

1529

Pietro Bembo becomes historiographer of Venice.

September 21

Michelangelo flees Florence, abandoning his post as military engineer in charge of the city's fortifications. A letter from Michelangelo to his friend Battista della Palla on the 25th of September 1529 makes clear his reasons: > Battista, dearest friend, I left Florence, as I think you know, meaning to go to France. When I reached Venice, I inquired about the road, and they told me I should have pass through German territory, and that he journey is both perilous and difficult. Therefore I thought it well to ask you, at your pleasure, whether you are still inclined to go, and to beg you; and so I entreat you, let me know, and say where you want me to wait for you, and we will travel together. I left home without speaking to any of my friends, and in great confusion. You know that I wanted in any case to go to France, and often asked for leave, but did not get it. Nevertheless I was quite resolved, and without any sort of fear, to see the end of the war out first. But on Tuesday morning, September 21, a certain person came out by the gate at S. Niccolo, where I was attending to the bastions, and whispered in my ear that, if I meant to save my life, I must not stay at Florence. He accompanied me home, dined there, brought me horses, and never left my side till he got me outside the city, declaring that this was my salvation. Whether God or the devil was the man, I do not know.

October 22

Granacci pays Sebastiano di Francesco, a stone-cutter, to whom Michelangelo is much attached, money for his journey to Venice.

1530

August

Titian moves his two boys and infant daughter to a new home, and convinces his sister Orsa to come from Cadore and take charge of the household. The mansion, difficult to find now, is in the Biri Grande, then a fashionable suburb, at the extreme end of Venice, on the sea, with beautiful gardens and a view towards Murano.

1547

Titian is summoned away from Venice to paint Charles V and other members of his court in Augsburg.

1581

Palestrina's "Il primo libro de madrigali" (First book of madrigals) is published by Gardano in Venice.

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