Siena Cathedral cathedral by Opera di Santa Maria

made out of in 1196

Siena, Tuscany, Italy, Europe

Chigi Chapel see all

Mosaic Floor of Siena Cathedral see all

Piccolomini Library of the Duomo in Siena see all

Entrance to the Piccolomini Library see all

Frescoes of the Piccolimini Library see all

Anonymous Ancient Roman Sculptor see all

Gian Lorenzo Bernini see all

Marchese d'Adamo see all

Matteo di Giovanni see all

Pinturicchio see all

Fresco

Mosaic Floor

Sculpture

Slaughter of the Innocents see all

Baroque

High Renaissance

Late Gothic

The cathedral itself was originally designed and completed between 1215 and 1263 on the site of an earlier structure. It has the form of a Latin cross with a slightly projecting transept, a dome and a bell tower. The dome rises from a hexagonal base with supporting columns. The lantern atop the dome was added by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. The nave is separated from the two aisles by semicircular arches. The exterior and interior are constructed of white and greenish-black marble in alternating stripes, with addition of red marble on the façade. Black and white are the symbolic colors of Siena, etiologically linked to black and white horses of the legendary city's founders, Senius and Aschius.

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Pope Pius II see all

Three Graces see all

1196

The masons’ guild of Siena, the Opera di Santa Maria, are put in charge of the construction of the Siena Cathedral. Works are started with the north - south transept and it is planned to add the main, larger body of the cathedral later, but this enlargement is never accomplished.

1215

Daily masses are now being said in the newly built Siena Cathedral.

1259

Manuello di Ranieri and his son Parri carve some wooden choir stalls for Siena Cathedral, which are replaced about 100 years later and later disappear.
The vaults and the transept of Siena Cathedral are constructed.

1284

Works begins on the lowest part of the Façade of Siena Cathedral.

1296

Giovanni Pisano abruptly leaves Siena, abandoning management of work on the lower stage of the facade of Siena Cathedral, reportedly over creative differences with the Opera del Duomo.

1317

Work on the west façade of Siena Cathedral comes to an abrupt end when the Opera del Duomo redirects all efforts to the east façade.

1339

A second massive addition of the main body of Siena Cathedral is planned which would have more than doubled the size of the structure by means of an entirely new nave and two aisles ranged perpendicular to the existing nave and centred on the high altar. The construction is begun under the direction of Giovanni di Agostino, better known as a sculptor.

1348

Construction is halted on the new nave of Siena Cathedral by the Black Death. Basic errors in the construction are already evident by now, however, and the work is never resumed. The outer walls, remains of this extension, can still be seen to the south of the Duomo. The floor of the uncompleted nave now serves as a parking lot and museum.

1502

Raphael goes to Siena at the invitation of another pupil of Perugino, Pinturicchio, "being a friend of Raphael and knowing him to be a draughtsman of the highest quality" to help with the cartoons, and very likely the designs, for a fresco series in the Piccolomini Library of the Duomo in Siena in Siena Cathedral.

1196

The masons’ guild of Siena, the Opera di Santa Maria, are put in charge of the construction of the Siena Cathedral. Works are started with the north - south transept and it is planned to add the main, larger body of the cathedral later, but this enlargement is never accomplished.

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