Frederick III Crowning Enea Silvio Piccolomini with a Laurel Wreath fresco by Pinturicchio at the age of 48

made out of from 1502 to 1508

Siena Cathedral Siena, Tuscany, Italy, Europe

No description at this time.

Art from the same year

Art by artists at the same age


Raphael paints The Mond Crucifixion for a church in Urbino.
Raphael paints the The Oddi Altarpiece for the altar of the Oddi family chapel in the church of San Francesco al Prato in Perugia.
Raphael goes to Siena at the invitation of another pupil of Perugino, Pinturicchio, "being a friend of Raphael and knowing him to be a draughtsman of the highest quality" to help with the cartoons, and very likely the designs, for a fresco series in the Piccolomini Library of the Duomo in Siena in Siena Cathedral.
The king of Spain agrees to fund Columbus one final voyage to America, but Colombus again fails to reach Asia.
In Cesena, Leonardo da Vinci begins work as senior military architect and general engineer for Cesare Borgia, son of Pope Alexander VI.
An anecdote from Luca Pacioli's _De viribus quantitatis_ relates an incident with Leonardo da Vinci in his capacity as military engineer on campaign with Cesare Borgia. > One day Cesare Valentino, Duke of Romagna and present Lord of Piombino, found himself and his army at a river which was 24 paces wide, and could find no bridge, nor any material to make one except for a stack of wood all cut to a length of 16 paces. And from this wood, using neither iron nor rope nor any other construction, his noble engineer made a bridge sufficiently strong for the army to pass over.
Leonardo da Vinci creates a map of Cesare Borgia's stronghold, a town plan of Imola in order to win his patronage.
Leonardo da Vinci gifts to his pupil Salai a precious garment given to him by Cesare Borgia.

June 26

Extract from a dispatch of Machiavelli to the Signoria of Florence concerning Cesare Borgia: > This Duke is so enterprising that nothing is too great to be discounted by him. For the sake of glory and the enlarging of his dominions, he deprives himself of rest, yielding to no fatigue, no danger. He arrives in one place before anyone knows he has left the other, he gains the good will of his soldiers, he attracts to him the best men in Italy, and he has constant good luck. For all these reasons he is victorious and formidable.

June 30

The Marchioness of Mantua writes a letter to the Cardinal of Este, saying that she should very much like to place Michelangelo's statue of Cupid, together with an antique statue of Venus, in her own collection.

July 30

Itinerary jotted down in Leonardo da Vinci's notebook: 30 July - "the dove-cote at Urbino".

August 1

Itinerary jotted down in Leonardo da Vinci's notebook: 1 August -"In the library at Pesaro".

August 8

Itinerary jotted down in Leonardo da Vinci's notebook: > 8 August - "make harmonies out of the different falls of water as you saw in the fountain at Rimini on the 8th day of August".

August 10

Itinerary jotted down in Leonardo da Vinci's notebook: > "At the Feast of San Lorenzo at Cesena."

August 15

Itinerary jotted down in Leonardo da Vinci's notebook: > 15 August - "On St Mary's day in the middle of August at Cesena."

August 18

Passport drawn up in Pavia granting Leonardo da Vinci free access to the dominions of Cesare Borgia as his chief military architect: > Cesare Borgia of France, by the grace of God Duke of Romagna and Valence, Prince of the Adriatic, Lord of Piombino etc., also Gonfalonier and Captain General of the Holy Roman Church: to all our lieutenants, castellans, captains, _condottieri_, officials, soldiers and subjects to whom this notice is presented. We order and command that the bearer thereof, our most excellent and well-beloved architect and general engineer Leonardo Vinci, who by our commission is to survey the places and fortresses of our states, should be provided with all such assistance as the occasion demands and his judgement deems fit.


A Greek and Italian parallel text edition of Herodotus' _Histories_ done for Count Matteo Maria Boiardo is published in Venice by Aldus Manutius.

September 18

November 7

Columbus reaches the coast of Honduras and passes south to Panama.

November 16

Jacques Mesnil discovers a summary of a charge in the Florentine Archives for November 16, 1502, which reads simply "Botticelli keeps a boy", under an accusation of sodomy.

December 26

Cesare Borgia kills Ramiro D'Orco; this incident is referenced in Machiavelli's _The Prince_.

December 26

Extract from a dispatch of Machiavelli to the Signoria of Florence while in the service of Cesare Borgia: > This morning Messer Rimino was found lying in the piazza cut into two pieces; he still lies there, so that everyone has had an opportunity to see him ... The reason for his death is not yet clear, except that such was the pleasure of the Prince, who shows is that he can make and unmake men according to their deserts.

December 31

Cesare Borgia (son of Pope Alexander VI) occupies Urbino, where he imprisons two potentially treacherous allies, Vitellozzo and Oliveretto; he executes them the next morning.
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