Antonín Dvořák Czech Romantic composer

Antonín Leopold Dvořák (/ˈdvɔrʒɑːk/ dvor-zhahk or /dɨˈvɔrʒæk/ di-vor-zhak; Czech: [ˈantoɲiːn ˈlɛopolt ˈdvor̝aːk] ( listen); September 8, 1841 – May 1, 1904) was a Czech composer. Following the nationalist example of Bedřich Smetana, Dvořák frequently employed aspects, specifically rhythms, of the folk music of Moravia and his native Bohemia (then parts of the Austrian Empire and now constituting the Czech Republic). Dvořák's own style has been described as 'the fullest recreation of a national idiom with that of the symphonic tradition, absorbing folk influences and finding effective ways of using them'.

1841 in Nelahozeves

September 8

Antonín Dvořák is born in Nelahozeves, near Prague (then part of Bohemia in the Austrian Empire, now Czech Republic).


It is believed that in this year Antonín Dvořák writes his first composition, the Forget-Me-Not Polka in C (Polka pomněnka).

1872 in Prague

Dvorak's works are performed for the first time in Prague.

1873 in Prague

Dvorak's work is performed to notable success again in Prague.


Antonín Dvořák makes a submission for the Austrian State Prize for Composition and is awarded it that year. (Johannes Brahms is on the jury and is highly impressed by his work.)


Antonín Dvořák is awarded the Austrian State Prize for Composition.

February 19

Antonín Dvořák writes the sketch for Stabat Mater and dedicates it to František Hušpauer "as a souvenir to the friend of his young days."

1877 in Prague

Antonín Dvořák returns to the final stylisation of Stabat Mater.

Antonín Dvořák is again awarded the Austrian State Prize for Composition.

October 1

Antonín Dvořák writes the definitive version of the score of Stabat Mater in Prague.


Stabat Mater is published in score, with parts and piano vocal score (arranged by Josef Zubatý) by the German publishing house of Fritz Simrock. On this occasion Dvořák also changes the opus number.


Antonín Dvořák is appointed as a professor at the Prague Conservatory.

1892 in United States

Antonín Dvořák moves to the United States and becomes the director of the National Conservatory of Music of America in New York City.


František Dvořák zither player, butcher and innkeeper

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