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Raphael Umbrian High Renaissance painter, architect and poet

born in Urbino (1483) and died in Rome (1520), aged 37

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Galleria Borghese Rome see all

Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Antica Rome see all

Galleria Nazionale delle Marche Urbino see all

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Gemäldegalerie Berlin see all

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Palazzo Pitti Florence see all

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São Paulo Museum of Art São Paulo see all

Uffizi: Hall 66 – Raphael Florence see all

The Vatican Museums Vatican City see all

Villa Farnesina Via della Lungara see all

Crucifixion see all

Deposition from the Cross see all

Female Nude see all

Holy Family see all

Madonna and Child see all

Madonna and Child with Saints see all

Marriage of the Virgin see all

Altarpiece

Half Length Portrait

(none)

1483 in Urbino

Raphael is born in Urbino.

March 28

Raphael is born in Urbino.

1499 aged 16

Raphael works on an oil painting called Resurrection of Christ over the course of three years until 1502.

1500 aged 17 in Urbino

Raphael comes into contact with the works of Paolo Uccello in Urbino.

Raphael and Evangelista da Pian di Meleto are commissioned to paint The Baronci Altarpiece for the church of Saint Nicholas of Tolentino in Città di Castello.

Raphael works on an oil painting called Solly Madonna over the course of four years until 1504.

1501 aged 18

Raphael is accorded a fully trained master.

1502 aged 19 in Siena and Perugia

Raphael goes to Siena at the invitation of another pupil of Perugino, Pinturicchio, "being a friend of Raphael and knowing him to be a draughtsman of the highest quality" to help with the cartoons, and very likely the designs, for a fresco series in the Piccolomini Library of the Duomo in Siena in Siena Cathedral.

Raphael paints The Mond Crucifixion for a church in Urbino.

Raphael paints the The Oddi Altarpiece for the altar of the Oddi family chapel in the church of San Francesco al Prato in Perugia.

Raphael works on an oil painting called The Oddi Altarpiece over the course of two years until 1504.

Raphael works on a tempera painting called Conestabile Madonna over the course of two years until 1504.

1503 aged 20

Raphael creates an oil painting called The Mond Crucifixion .

Raphael creates an oil painting called Madonna and Child with the Book .

1504 aged 21 in Florence and Città di Castello

Raphael is based in Florence, on and off, for the next four years.

Raphael paints The Marriage of the Virgin for a Franciscan church in Città di Castello.

Raphael works on an oil painting called Saint George and the Dragon over the course of two years until 1506.

Raphael works on an oil painting called Portrait of Elisabetta Gonzaga for a year.

Raphael works on a tempera painting called Vision of a Knight for a year.

Raphael creates an oil painting called Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints .

Raphael works on an oil painting called The Three Graces for a year.

Raphael works on an oil painting called Self-portrait over the course of two years until 1506.

Raphael works on an oil painting called St. Michael for a year.

Raphael creates an oil painting called The Marriage of the Virgin .

August

The mother of the next Duke of Urbino writes a letter of recommendation of Raphael to the Gonfaloniere of Florence: "The bearer of this will be found to be Raphael, painter of Urbino, who, being greatly gifted in his profession has determined to spend some time in Florence to study. And because his father was most worthy and I was very attached to him, and the son is a sensible and well-mannered young man, on both accounts, I bear him great love..."

1505 aged 22

Raphael works on an oil painting called Madonna of the Goldfinch for a year.

Raphael creates an oil painting called Madonna del Granduca .

Raphael creates an oil painting called Small Cowper Madonna .

Raphael creates an oil painting called Christ Blessing .

Raphael works on an oil painting called Ansidei Madonna over the course of two years until 1507.

1506 aged 23

Raphael creates an oil painting called Portrait of Agnolo Doni .

Raphael works on an oil painting called Madonna of the Pinks for a year.

Raphael works on an oil painting called Portrait of Maddalena Doni for a year.

Raphael creates an oil painting called Young Woman with Unicorn .

1507 aged 24

Raphael creates an oil painting called Saint Catherine of Alexandria .

Raphael creates an oil painting called La Belle jardinière .

Raphael creates an oil painting called The Deposition .

Raphael works on an oil painting called Portrait of a Young Woman for a year.

1508 aged 25 in Rome

Raphael works on an oil painting called Madonna of Loreto for a year.

Winter

Raphael is invited to Rome by the new pope, Julius II, perhaps at the instigation of the papal architect, Bramante. Raphael dwells in Rome until his death.

Winter

Raphael is commissioned by Pope Julius II to fresco his private library at the Vatican Palace.

1510 aged 27

Raphael creates an oil painting called Alba Madonna .

1511 aged 28

Raphael creates a fresco called The Parnassus .

Raphael creates an oil painting called Madonna of Foligno .

Raphael creates an oil painting called Portrait of Pope Julius II .

Raphael creates a fresco called Cardinal and Theological Virtues .

Raphael works on a fresco called The Expulsion of Heliodorus from the Temple for a year.

1512 aged 29

Raphael works on an oil painting called Portrait of Bindo Altoviti over the course of three years until 1515.

1513 aged 30

Raphael works on an oil painting called Portrait of a Young Man for a year.

Raphael works on an oil painting called Madonna della seggiola for a year.

1514 aged 31

Giulio Romano paints The Fire in the Borgo after designs by Raphael.

Raphael works on an oil painting called La Velata for a year.

Raphael works on an oil painting called Christ Falling on the Way to Calvary over the course of two years until 1516.

Raphael works on an oil painting called Portrait of Baldassare Castiglione for a year.

Raphael collaborated with a military engineer and sculptor and architect called Giuliano da Sangallo for a year.

Raphael creates a fresco called Deliverance of Saint Peter .

1518 aged 35

Raphael creates an oil painting called St. Michael Vanquishing Satan .

Raphael works on an oil painting called La Fornarina over the course of two years until 1520.

1520 aged 37 in Rome

April 6

Raphael dies in Rome.

April 6

Raphael dies in Rome.

Filter by

people and entities

Bramante architect
Giulio Romano draughtstman, architect, painter
Pope Julius II pope, cardinal
Raphael painter, architect, poet

Employers

Pope Leo X (1475-1521) Florentine pope

Pope Julius II (1443-1513) Italian pope and cardinal

Teachers

Perugino (1446-1523) Umbrian Renaissance painter

Timoteo Viti painter

Parents

Giovanni Santi poet and painter

Followers

Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres (1780-1867) French Neo-Classical draughtstman and painter

Students

Giulio Romano (1499-1546) Italian draughtstman, architect and painter

Friends

Fra Bartolomeo painter

Baldassare Castiglione (1478-1529) writer, soldier, count and courtier

Bramante (1444-1514) Italian Renaissance architect

Follower of

Michelangelo (1475-1564) Florentine High Renaissance military engineer, sculptor, painter, architect and poet

Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) Florentine High Renaissance anatomist, painter, architect, sculptor, military engineer, scientist, inventor and writer

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